ÖBB-Holding AG, the holding company of the ÖBB Group, was established and incorporated on 20 April 2004 in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Railways Structure Act 2003 (Bundesbahnstrukturgesetz 2003). The Republic of Austria holds 100% of its shares, management of the share rights is incumbent upon the Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology.
The main tasks of ÖBB-Holding AG, which holds all shares in the subsidiary companies of the ÖBB Group, include exercise of the share rights and uniform strategic alignment of the ÖBB Group.
The ÖBB Group has started to operate on 1 January 2005. The previous ÖBB Company was replaced by a Group structure with ÖBB-Holding AG at the very top of the Group and individual stock corporations (AG) and limited liability corporations (GmbH) which are responsible for their own business results. With this structure the competitivity of the railway shall be safeguarded in the future.